How To Make a Deepfake & The Best Deepfake Software

How To Make a Deepfake?

Introduction: How to make a deepfake. 

Everybody can make DeepFakes without writing a single line of code. Deepfakes use a neural network trained to reconstruct a video from a source frame and a latent representation of motion learned during training. This model takes as input a new source image (e.g. a sequence of frames) and a driving video and predicts how the object in the source image moves in accordance with the motion displayed by the driving video.

Deepfake technology leverages advanced neural networks, specifically generative adversarial networks (GANs), to manipulate or generate visual and audio content. These networks train on large data sets. They learn to replicate intricate movements and features between sources. When given a new ‘source’ image or sequence, the model uses a ‘driving’ video. This video guides the transformation of the source. The driving video dictates the motion, while the source image provides the appearance characteristics like face structure and expression.

In an animated sequence, the neural network captures nuances. These include head tilt, speech articulation, and eye blink. The model then integrates these motions into the source image. The result is a convincing output. It appears as if the object in the source performs actions from the driving video. The resulting deepfake can be astonishingly realistic, capable of fooling the human eye and even some automated detection systems.

Source: YouTube

Methodology and Approach

Let us take a look at this approach a little bit further before creating our own sequence. Firstly, there is a large amount of video data created for the training of the algorithm. In the model’s training phase, the authors extract frame pairs from the same video. They feed these into the model. To reconstruct the video, the system attempts to identify key points in the pairs. It also learns how to represent the motion between them.

To achieve this, the framework is divided into two parts: the motion estimator and the video generator. Initially, the motion estimator analyzes the video. It aims to identify the latent representation of the motion. An example includes motion-specific key point displacements. These key points could be the positions of eyes or mouth. Local affine transformations are also considered. This combination goes beyond just using key point displacements. It can represent a wider spectrum of transformations.

In the end, you get two outputs from the model: a dense motion field and an occlusion mask.
There are two parts to this mask. The first part identifies which segments of the driving video can be warped from the source image. The second part determines which segments must be inferred from the context. These segments are not present in the source image.

The system first animates the source image. It uses the motion detector output and the driving video for this. The system warps the source image to resemble the driving video. It also inverts segments that were previously occluded.

Also Read: What Is A Deepfake?

AI Architecture for deepfakes

Deepfakes rely on advanced machine learning models, primarily Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs). These networks consist of two main components: a generator and a discriminator. The generator produces fake data, while the discriminator tries to distinguish between real and fake data. The two are trained in tandem until the generator produces data so convincing that the discriminator can’t tell it apart from real data.

For example, let’s consider Face2Face, an architecture used for facial reenactment. In Face2Face, one neural network is trained to perform facial landmark detection on the source video. Another neural network focuses on facial texture extraction. These two neural networks work in concert to produce a seamless overlay of one face onto another. The discriminator in this scenario assesses the quality of the face swap, refining the model’s performance over time. This forms a highly specialized type of GAN tailored for face-swapping tasks.

Encoder-Decoder Pairs

In neural networks, encoder-decoder pairs have a critical role. They function in tasks like machine translation and image segmentation. Generative models also use them. The encoder processes the raw input. It compresses it into a latent space. This space is a compact representation of the input. The decoder works next. It takes the compressed form. It then reconstructs the output. For autoencoding, the output resembles the input. For translation, the output takes a different form.

These pairs can be part of more complex systems, such as Variational Autoencoders (VAEs) or Transformer models, and often include additional layers or components to handle specific tasks more efficiently. Overall, encoder-decoder pairs form the backbone of many machine learning applications, enabling complex transformations and predictions.

In machine translation, the encoder takes an English sentence. It compresses it into a latent space. This process involves lexical analysis. It also includes syntactic parsing and semantic understanding. The decoder then uses this latent representation. It starts translating into a target language like French. Finally, it converts the compressed data back into a complete sentence.

Image Tasks

For image tasks, consider the U-Net architecture commonly used in medical image segmentation. The encoder captures contextual information about an input image and condenses it into a latent space. The decoder then takes this latent representation to recreate the image, but with each pixel now classified into categories like “tissue,” “tumor,” or “bone.” The encoder captures essential features of the image, while the decoder reconstructs these features into a meaningful segmentation.

You can also find encoder-decoder pairs in Variational Autoencoders (VAEs). These generative models handle tasks such as image generation and anomaly detection. In VAEs, the encoder not only compresses the data but also quantifies the level of uncertainty in this representation. The decoder then uses this information to generate diverse yet plausible outputs.

The Best DeepFake Software – How To Make A Deepfake?

The most important thing is not to use Deepfake technology unethically. The technology remains unreliable. We don’t believe it offers 100% accuracy for many people. Yet, it poses enough risk to cause trouble. It can even harm the person being mimicked. Deepfakes can make people laugh or parody celebrities. This happens when using the software lightly and responsibly.

Let us discuss how to make a deepfake with using the tool / site like

Please upload a source and a target video


Let the AI do its magic.


Download the video.

You can repurpose your trained model. This enhances the quality of face-swapping results. It also lets you create more videos without needing to retrain the model.

Exploring Deepfake Software & Apps

Various applications offer deepfake features. Some apps are harder to use than others. Some are as easy as Snapchat filters. Next, we’ll give a brief overview. We’ll discuss what we found, its uses, and how to make your own.

As long as you don’t abuse them, deepfakes are perfectly legal. Even though this is a relatively new technology, laws regarding misrepresentation, slander, and using someone’s likeness have been in place for many years. We strongly recommend to not misuse this technology. The use of deepfakes as a way to sell goods is prohibited.

Deepfakes should not be used to slander anyone. The act of using deepfakes to slander someone is not only illegal, but it is also highly unethical. It is not acceptable to use deepfakes to attempt to ruin someone’s reputation or to make them say something they would not otherwise say under the presumption that it is real.

Also Read: Our Favorite AI from Video Games.

Deepfake Apps vs. Deepfake Softwares

Despite the fact that deepfake apps are easy to use, you will not get the most realistic results from them. Anyone with a smartphone can use them and there is no need for you to have any background knowledge in coding in order to use them.

On the other hand, deepfake software is more difficult to use. There is, however, a lot more flexibility in how you can use your videos as compared to the limited capabilities of simpler apps. You can get better results and have greater creative freedom if you over come the technical hurdles posed by using deepfake software.

Also Read: Journal – AI Powered Note Taking App.

DeepFake Softwares

For deepfake software to work properly, you’ll need to learn the Python programming language in order to use it. With AI, you will be working with your videos as they self-learn to become smooth and realistic. The machine, therefore, must discover how to become smooth and realistic on its own.

Additionally, you will need a dedicated graphics card or a virtual GPU (Google Cloud is a popular option). The Deepfake software is a demanding program for any computer and requires you to maintain it properly and without any errors by using a sophisticated system.


There is a GitHub library called first-order-model and you can run it through a Google Collab document.

This program uses some images taken from the internet and some driving videos. To generate the source image, you need to extract motions from the driving video and use them to generate movements. Using this method, you will need to use sources with movement input in order for this to work, meaning you will need to use anchor points to achieve this. This method works with stickers, human motion, as well as robotic movements.

A First-order-model can be created by filming a video of yourself or someone you know, and then transferring the eye, lip, and head movements from the video onto the still image. The great thing about it is that rather than creating a “fake” image, you are just manipulating and distorting an actual image. However, the process has the drawback of limiting you to one static scene and backdrop. It takes about ten minutes to create them once you have learned the process.

In spite of the fact that this method is realistic and relatively simple, it is restricted to manipulating a static image of the person that you have selected. The camera is not that flexible – they need to remain in the scene and relative position that they are in within the picture.

Wav2Lip Model

It is also a GitHub library and is used instead of recreating a deepfake simulation to manipulate images instead of creating one.

The Wave2Lip is different from other lip-syncing models because it is a model that has already been trained with specific lip-syncing data. In order to perform a lipsync, you only need to match a .wav file to an image and that image will then lipsync to the wav file. That’s where the name wav2lip comes from.

This seemed to work pretty well when the words in the audio files were slow and deliberate. If wav to mp3 conversion is all you need, Wav2Lip might be an ideal solution.


This is the high-end software used for generating a real DeepFake. The installation of the software and its dependencies can be a bit difficult if you do not have any experience with programming. In most cases, you can learn all the information that you need from the Github page.

It is also possible to use this DeepFaceLab tutorial to help walk you through extraction, filtering out unusable pictures or videos, and explaining the commands needed to train and run the software.

The Deepface Lab creates incredible results and is easily learned by a novice, but takes some time and expertise. Whether or not you have programming knowledge, labeling images and training models can take a lot of your time and GPU time to run and teach the algorithm how and what to modify.

The most professional results can be achieved today with Deepfacelab, but it is difficult to use.


Zao is a Chinese app that lets you make fake videos within a few seconds. It is a good option if you want to have a bit of fun with your deepfakes and don’t want to put in too much effort or time into them.

Using the app is really simple and quick. It is very simple to create your first deepfake; all you need to do is choose a video from the wide range of clips from popular movies and TV shows from the extensive library. The rest of the process is handled by Zao automatically.

The app is free to use and is available for Android and iOS.


Faceswap is a free, open-source deepfake app available to anyone. The software relies on Tensorflow, Keras, and Python, serving as both a learning and training tool.

There is an active forum on Faceswap where you can ask questions about how to create deep fake videos and see tutorials that show you how to do so. So, if you are interested in the process of creating deep fake videos rather than in the deep fake videos themselves, then this is a great option for you. You can also get guides on how to use the software if you are a complete newbie.

Faceswap supports Windows, Mac, and Linux. The developers recommend using a powerful CPU and a graphics card. Face swapping on a CPU alone is incredibly slow.

Deep Art Effects

Deep Art Effects distinguishes itself as a unique deepfake application on the list. Unlike other apps that focus on videos, this one specializes in transforming images into works of art. The developers based the underlying algorithm on the works of renowned artists such as Van Gogh, Picasso, and Michelangelo, and trained it on these masterpieces.

Let the A.I. transform any picture in your gallery into a unique piece of art simply by uploading it, choosing one of the styles available, and letting it do the rest. It is free to download both the Android and iOS mobile version of Deep Art Effects, as well as the Windows, Mac, and Linux desktop version.


What are your thoughts on messaging your friends and family with a lot of GIFs and memes? In that case, the REFACE app is the one you want. It uses a facial swapping algorithm called RefaceAI to superimpose your face on GIFs and images within the software.

It is very easy to make a deep-fake image using REFACE. From the app’s gallery, you can select a popular GIF or a popular meme, and then snap a picture of your face. The app will then create a personalized image that shows your face in the image.

Depending on the symmetry of your face and the GIF you use, the accuracy of the result will vary. Fortunately, REFACE has plenty of options that you can try till you get the perfect deepfake that you want to use.

The app is free and available for both Android and iOS.


Morphin is another deepfake app that you should consider when you want to stay on top of the latest internet memes. In addition to the standard emojis, Morphin has a wide collection of popular high-resolution GIFs that you can use to send to your friends.

This app is very similar to REFACE in its overall design. The GIFs on Morphin, however, have more of a cartoonish look rather than a realistic one, and you can search the collection by tags if you choose. Take a selfie with a GIF and then take a deepfake by choosing a GIF based on the selfie you took.

The app is free and available for Android and iOS.


The Jiggy app is a deepfake app that can make anyone dance. It will not make you dance directly, but it will make you dance as if you are moving. To create a dancing deepfake, you only need to select a face and some dance moves. The app lets you blend these elements to produce a cheerful deepfake.

You will be able to do this because the motion transfer technology used behind the app will make it possible to do so. An interactive animated character is created from a photo of a person that can be interacted with. You can use Jiggy free of charge on both Android and iOS devices.

State of Detection Technology: A Game of Cat and Mouse

The introduction of several deepfake video-detection (DVD) methods has taken place as a result of recent research. In some cases, some of these methods claim to be accurate in detecting viruses with a detection rate that exceeds 99 percent, but such reports should be interpreted with caution. There is a wide variation in the amount of difficulty in detecting video manipulation based on several factors, including the level of compression, image resolution, and the composition of the test set.

An analysis of the performances of seven state-of-the-art detectors using five public datasets frequently used in the field showed that there was little difference between them in terms of accuracy, ranging from 30 percent to 97 percent. The tests on all five datasets showed varying detector accuracies. Detectors often underperform on unique data sets due to specific configuration for certain manipulations. Many initiatives aim to improve this area. Some detectors outperform others significantly, but they are not all equal.

In spite of the fact that current detectors are very accurate, DVD is a game of cat and mouse. On one hand, advances in detection methods, on the other hand, advances in deepfake-generation methods alternate. It will be imperative to continuously improve on DVD methods by anticipating the next generation of deepfake content if the defense is to be successful.

Challenges Of Deepfakes.

It is likely that adversaries will soon extend deepfake methods by creating videos that have a high degree of dynamic realism. Currently, there are a number of existing deepfake methods which aim to produce videos that are somewhat static in the sense that they show stationary subjects with constant lighting and unmoving backgrounds. Nevertheless, deepfakes of the future will incorporate dynamism in terms of lighting, poses, and backgrounds. There is a risk that the dynamic attributes of these videos may reduce the efficiency of existing deepfake detection algorithms. Moreover, as far as human beings are concerned, the use of dynamism in deepfakes could make them more credible to them. The video of a foreign leader driving by on a golf cart and talking would be more engaging, as it would be more realistic and engaging than the exact same leader speaking directly to the camera in a static studio setting.

Both academics and companies are working on creating detection models that are based on deep neural networks that will be able to detect various types of deepfaked media for the purpose of combating this threat. With the Deepfake Detection Challenge (DFDC) held in 2019, Facebook has played a major role in tackling this issue by providing $US 1 million in cash prizes to the top five winners.

Organizers expected each participant to train and validate a detector model using a curated set of 100,000 deepfake videos. Facebook and Microsoft, along with several academic institutions, created these videos. Originally exclusive to competition members, the dataset is now publicly available. Participants submitted over 35,000 models. The winning model achieved a 65 percent accuracy on a test dataset of 10,000 untrained videos and an 82 percent accuracy on a validation set used for training.During the training, the participants did not have access to the test set. According to our analysis, the discrepancy between the validation and the test sets indicates some overfitting of the model and therefore a lack of generalizability, a problem that tends to plague DNN-based classification models.

Considering various factors like capturing high-quality source footage of the correct length, comparing source and destination appearances, using the right training model, and mastering postproduction can make deepfake detection easier. The goal is to train a complex model on a diverse set of deepfake qualities, covering a wide range of potential flaws.To build a model detection program, it may be necessary to add a publicly accessible dataset of deepfakes to the dataset of deepfakes. This dataset, for example, could come from the Facebook DFDC.

Also Read: How Video Games Use AI.

Should We Be Concerned About Deepfakes?

As a result of the rise in the use of deepfakes and the potential negative impact they can have, many people are concerned about how they can be used to misrepresent someone. For the moment, however, it seems that people use deepfake technology only to play around with it for fun purposes.

Deepfake apps let you create GIFs and share them on Instagram Stories or craft YouTube videos that mimic deepfake creation. As technology, machine learning, and artificial intelligence advance, the potential for deepfakes to spread fake news and manipulate original videos increases. Sharing these on social media platforms to reach a wider audience poses serious challenges.

Adversarial networks can use deepfakes along with deep learning to use target video to create fake videos that can lead to serious consequences. The target video then becomes a realistic deepfakes with deepfake image, and deepfake process and the lines between real video and deepfake videos will start to blur. Trust in such situations becomes a difficult choice. With open source tool/s it becomes easier every day to take this deepfake journey and as time goes on, this conversion process will keep becoming easier.